🔼The name Chesil in the Bible
The name Chesil occurs only one time in the Bible. The town of Chesil is mentioned in Joshua 15:30 as part of a series of towns that marked the southern border of the territory allotted to Judah. But since the tribe of Simeon had its inheritance within Judah, and Joshua 19:1-9 lists the towns of Simeon, many of the Simeonite towns were mentioned earlier as Judaic towns, and in the same order. But where in Joshua 19:4 we would expect Chesil (כסיל), we read Bethul (בתואל).
BDB Theological Dictionary blames this on a text error, and states that Chesil is "probably corrupt for" Bethul. Here at Abarim Publications we doubt that, because the names Chesil and Bethul are too unlike. We think that our town was "probably" known by two names, which is not at all unusual in the Bible. Or else there were two different towns: Chesil to mark the southern border of Judah, and Bethul — slightly more north so that Simeon would still be within Judah — to mark Simeon.
🔼Etymology of the name Chesil
The name Chesil comes from the root כסל (kasal), and is identical to the noun כסיל (kesil), meaning fool, and the Hebrew word for Orion:
For a meaning of the name Chesil, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads A Fool. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes Orion or Constellations or Fool. BDB Theological Dictionary doesn't make an attempt to translate this name.