Abarim Publications' online Biblical Hebrew Dictionary
The verb זרח (zarah) means to arise, rise, come up or shine. HAW Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament explains that this verb is used in three different settings:
- It may denote the breaking out of the symptoms of leprosy (2 Chronicles 26:19 - the case of king Uzziah).
- It may refer to the rising of the sun (Ecclesiastes 1:5, 2 Samuel 23:4).
- It may speak of a "rising" of bliss in a person's life (Psalm 112:4, Isaiah 58:10) or the glory of the Lord (Isaiah 60:1).
The derivations of this verb are:
- The masculine noun זרח (zerah), meaning a dawning or shining. This word is used only once, in Isaiah 60:3, where it refers to Zion.
- The masculine noun אזרח ('ezrah), meaning a native (one arising from the soil - says BDB Theological Dictionary). This word is most often used for people (Leviticus 23:42, Numbers 15:29), and once for a tree (Psalm 37:35).
- The masculine noun מזרח (mizrah), meaning the place of sunrise (Numbers 21:11, Joshua 1:15) or east (Psalm 103:12, Isaiah 41:2).