🔼The name Bithia: Summary
- Daughter Of Yah
- From (1) the noun בת (bat), daughter, from בן (ben), son, and (2) יה (yah), the name of the Lord.
🔼The name Bithia in the Bible
It's amazing that Bithia doesn't get more Biblical screen time because she is a daughter of a Pharaoh (1 Chronicles 4:17). A man named Mered, son of Ezrah a man from Judah, takes her for his wife and they become the parents of Miriam, Shammai and Ishbah.
🔼Etymology of the name Bithia
The name Bithia consists of two very common elements. The first part of the name is equal to the Hebrew word בת (bat), meaning daughter, from the word בן (ben), meaning son in all kinds of ways and applications:
The noun בן (ben) means son, or more general: a member of one particular social or economic node — called a "house", which is built upon the instructions of one אב ('ab), or "father" — within in a larger economy (hence: the "sons of the prophet" are the members of the prophet-class; the prophets). This noun obviously resembles the verb בנה (bana), to build, and the noun אבן ('eben), stone.
Our noun's feminine version, namely בת (bat), means daughter, which resembles the noun בית (bayit), meaning house. Sometimes our noun is contracted into a single letter ב, whose name beth comes from בית (bayit) and means "house" as well. As a prefix, the letter ב (be) means "in." The word for mother, אם ('em), is highly similar to that of tribe or people, אמה ('umma).
The second part of the name Bithia is יה (yah), the abbreviated form of the Name of the Lord: יהוה (YHWH).
For a meaning of the name Bithia, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Daughter Of Yahweh. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads Daughter Of The Lord.
BDB Theological Dictionary lists instances where the word daughter indicates membership to some group or class, and calls to Malachi 2:11, where the word daughter is applied to women in service of idols (Judah married the "daughter" of a foreign god). BDB proposes to translate the name Bithia with Worshipper Of Yah, adding a question mark to indicate dubiosity.