🔼The name Ben-hanan: Summary
- Son Of The Gracious One, Son Of Being Graceful
- From (1) the noun בן (ben), son, and (2) the verb חנן (hanan), to be gracious.
🔼The name Ben-hanan in the Bible
The name Ben-hanan occurs only once in the Bible: in 1 Chronicles 4:20 he is listed among the sons of an otherwise unmentioned Shimon of Judah. Nothing further in known about either.
🔼Etymology of the name Ben-hanan
The name Ben-hanan obviously consists of two parts. The first part is the same as the noun בן (ben), meaning son:
The noun בן (ben) means son, or more general: a member of one particular social or economic node — called a "house", which is built upon the instructions of one אב ('ab), or "father" — within in a larger economy (hence: the "sons of the prophet" are the members of the prophet-class; the prophets). This noun obviously resembles the verb בנה (bana), to build, and the noun אבן ('eben), stone.
Our noun's feminine version, namely בת (bat), means daughter, which resembles the noun בית (bayit), meaning house. Sometimes our noun is contracted into a single letter ב, whose name beth comes from בית (bayit) and means "house" as well. As a prefix, the letter ב (be) means "in." The word for mother, אם ('em), is highly similar to that of tribe or people, אמה ('umma).
The second part of our name comes from the verb חנן (hanan), to be gracious:
The verb חנן (hanan) means to be gracious or to favor. Nouns חן (hen), חנינה (hanina), תחנה (tehinna) and תחנון (tahanun) mean favor or grace. Adverb חנם (hinnam) means freely or gratis, and adjective חנון (hannun) means gracious.
For a meaning of the name Ben-hanan, NOBSE Study Bible Name List proposes Son Of The Gracious One. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has Son Of Compassion / Son Graciously Given. BDB Theological Dictionary does not offer an explanation of this name and lists it under בן (ben).