🔼The name Hadid: Summary
- From the verb חדד (hadad), to be sharp, keen or swift.
🔼The name Hadid in the Bible
The name Hadid belongs to a village that was probably situated in the territory of Benjamin. We only hear from Hadid after the exile, when 725 (Ezra 2:33) or 721 (Nehemiah 7:37) men from Lod, Hadid and Ono return with Zerubbabel, Jeshua and Nehemiah. We think that Hadid was Benjaminite because when the villages of Israel were repeopled, the Benjaminites went to live in Hadid (Nehemiah 11:34).
🔼Etymology of the name Hadid
The name Hadid comes from the verb חדד (hadad), meaning to be sharp or keen:
The verb חדד (hadad) means to be sharp or keen or even swift. Adjective חד (had) means sharp (mostly of swords) and adjective חדוד (haddud) means sharpened or pointed.
The verb חדה (hada) is similar to the previous, but appears to lean more toward keenness, swiftness or even gladness and resonance. In some cases it plainly means to rejoice. Noun חדוה (hedwa) means joy or gladness.
The ideas of sharpness and joyfulness meet in the noun חידה (hida), which means riddle; a verbal exercise meant to sharpen the mind and give joy in the process. Posing riddles was an important element of life in societies that were wisdom-based, which explains the many Biblical scenes that revolve around riddles. The denominative verb חוד (hud) means to pose a riddle.
Note the emphasis on collectivity in these words, as well as the principle of preservation of momentum that underlies both the mechanical process of resonance and social phenomena such as humor, fashion and even language itself.
For a meaning of the name Hadid, both NOBSE Study Bible Name List and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names read Sharp. BDB Theological Dictionary doesn't translate our name but does list it under the root חדד (hadad).