🔼The name Joshaphat: Summary
- Yah Has Ruled, Yah Governs
- From (1) the verb שפט (shapat), to judge or govern, and (2) יו (yu), an alternate of יה (yah), the shortened name of the Lord.
🔼The name Joshaphat in the Bible
The name Joshaphat (a contracted form of the name Jehoshaphat) is assigned to one or two different men in the Bible. The first Joshaphat is a Mithnite, mentioned among the mighty-men of David (1 Chronicles 11:43), who may or may not be the same as Joshaphat number two, a Levite trumpeter mentioned among the musicians who serenade the Ark as David transports it from the house of Obed-edom of Gath to Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 15:24).
🔼Etymology of the name Joshaphat
The name Joshaphat consists of two elements:
1) The name יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton; the name of the Lord: YHWH.
2) The ubiquitous verb שפט (shapat), meaning to judge, or rather: to govern:
The verb שפט (shapat) means to judge or govern. Nouns שפט (shepet) and שפוט (shepot) mean judgment in the penal sense. Noun משפט (mishpat) denotes a ruling in a general sense; an ordinance or even custom or manner.
For a meaning of the name Joshaphat, Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names suggests The Lord Judges. BDB Theological Dictionary reads Yah Hath Judged and NOBSE Study Bible Name List has the similar Yahweh Has Judged.