Abarim Publications' online Biblical Hebrew Dictionary
The verb פקח (paqah) means to open, but specifically in the sense of to open the eyes (Genesis 3:5, Job 14:3) or ears (Isaiah 42:20): it describes a physical or mental ability to see or hear but not necessarily the willingness to do so. The ultimate act of comprehending a sight or obeying a thing heard requires open senses but also an open heart. Unlike Biblical Hebrew, in Arabic this verb is also used to describe the opening of a blossom.
From this verb derive:
- The adjective פקח (piqeah), meaning seeing or literally: opened ones (Exodus 4:11).
- The masculine compound noun פקח־קוח (peqah-qoah), meaning wide-open. This compound appears to have been formed from a playful repetition of the second syllable of the first word. Repetitions are common in Hebrew and are used for stress, emphasis or in the sense of "very" or "very much so." This compound occurs only once in the Bible, in Isaiah 61:1, where it describes the promised state of the "bound ones."