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Meaning and etymology of the name Hebrew

Hebrew Hebrew

Hebrew is a title or nickname rather than a personal name. It was initially given to Abram (Genesis 14:13) but later came to denote the Israelites (1 Samuel 4:6).

The word Hebrew comes from the verb abar (abar) meaning to pass over, through, take away. The first application of this word is in the name Eber. The second application is in the first occurrence of the word ibri, Hebrew in Genesis 14:13, where Abram is called Hebrew. The first case of narrative use of this verb is in the enigmatic cadaver vision of Genesis 15:17, "...there appeared a smoking furnace and a flaming torch that passed between these parts."

Other derivations of the verb abar:
The noun abar (eber) is a very common word that means beyond or across, and is used for all kinds of directions and locations usually in contrast to some other location (1 Samuel 26:13, Nehemiah 2:1);
The verb ebra (ebra) uses the root figuratively and means an overflowing of temper: wrath and rage. Sometimes this ebra stems in man (Amos 1:11 - he maintained his fury forever) and sometimes in God (Ps 78:49 - He sent on them the heat of his anger, fury and indignation and trouble);
The verb abar (abar) means to be arrogant or infuriate oneself (Proverbs 14:16, 20:2).
abur (abur) means produce. It is used in Joshua 5:11-12 where the Israelites abandon their diet of manna and begin to eat the yield of Canaan.
Identical to the previous word is the preposition abur (abur), meaning because of, for. This word is always preceded by the particle be (be), meaning in or by. HAW Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament explains the relationship with the root as a movement 'from purpose (or cause) to accomplishment (or result).'
maabar (ma'abar) passage, such as the passage through the river Jabbok (Genesis 32:23) or the passing of a striking staff (Isaiah 30:32). Similar is the feminine mabara (ma'bara), passage, wady.

Hebrew means Passed Over or Transitation or One Who Transits.

Another name that is constructed from this root is Abarim, from which this publication derives its name. The first novel produced by Abarim Publications is called Cross On Me.



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