🔼The name Socoh in the Bible
There are one man and two towns named Socoh (also transliterated as Soco, or even Shocho) in the Bible, both situated in the territory of the tribe of Judah. The man named Socoh (שוכו) is a son of Heber, who was a son of Jehudijah and her husband Ezrah (1 Chronicles 4:18). Some commentators believe that this Socoh wasn't really a man but rather the first of the two towns named Socoh (because the phrase "father of" may also denote the founder or leader of a town):
- A town (שוכה) in the southern lowland of Judah (Joshua 15:35). This town appears to have been situated in the valley of Elah, because in the introduction of the story of the battle in the valley of Elah (during which young David killed Goliath of Gath), we are told that the Philistines gathered at Socoh of Judah (1 Samuel 17:1). During the reign of king Solomon, an official named Ben-hesed was stationed at Arubboth and "Socoh (שכה) was his and all the land of Hepher". (1 Kings 4:10). Solomon's successor Rehoboam fortified Socoh (2 Chronicles 11:7) but during the reign of king Ahaz, the Philistines invaded Judah again and captured Socoh (2 Chronicles 28:18).
- A town in the highlands of Judah (Joshua 15:48).
🔼Etymology of the name Socoh
The name Socoh probably comes from the noun שוך (suk), meaning hedge or branch, from the root שוך II (suk II), or else from the verb שכך IV (shkk IV), meaning to pierce:
For a meaning of the name Socoh, NOBSE Study Bible Name List appears to go after root שכך IV (shkk IV) and reads Thorn. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names takes our name from שוך II (suk II) and translates it as Hedge or Fence. BDB Theological Dictionary does not offer an interpretation of this name but does list it under the root שוך II (suk II).