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Meaning and etymology of the name Urim

Urim Urim

The Urim is one of two enigmatic items that were placed in the breastplate of the high priest, the other one being the Thummim (Exodus 28:30). We don't know what they were or what they were made of but the Urim and the Thummim were somehow used to consult God (Numbers 27:21, 1 Samuel 28:6).

The name/word Urim comes from the common Hebrew verb or ('or) meaning to be or to become light, shine, give light. Some derivations are: or ('or) meaning light, and or ('ur) meaning flame. ora ('ora) is a feminine form of the word light (as such also used to mean joy) and also the name of a certain herb ('ora as used in 2 Kings 4:39); possibly a very spicy or otherwise inflaming herb, or simply endowed with bright blossoms, etc. The regular word for star is maor (ma'or) and literally means luminary.

Urim is a regular plural and means Lights or Flames.

Related names are Jair, Jairus, Ur, Uri, Uriah and perhaps Aaron, and the Hebrew word for Nile.



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