🔼The name Anem: Summary
- Two Eyes, Two Fountains
- From the noun עין ('ayin), which means both eye and fountain.
🔼The name Anem in the Bible
Anem is a Levitical city in Issachar which was given to the Levitical family of the Gershomites (1 Chronicles 6:73). BDB Theological Dictionary notes that from comparative texts it seems that this city may also have been known as עין גנים (En-gannim — see Joshua 19:21 and 21:29).
🔼Etymology of the name Anem
The name Anem is possibly a plural of the common Hebrew word עין ('ayin), meaning spring of water, but which is also the regular word for eye:
The noun עין ('ayin) means both eye and fountain, well or spring. This might be explained by noting that the eye produces water in the form of tears, but perhaps more so in that water and light were considered deeply akin (see our article on the verb נהר, nahar, both meaning to shine and to flow). In that sense, the eye was considered a fountain that watered the outward face with water and the internal mind with light. Verb עין ('in) means to eye or regard. Noun מעין (ma'yan) describes a place with a spring.
The connections between eye and fountain are as obvious as they are subtle, and the meaning of the name Anem goes much deeper than our simple translations can convey. NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Double Fountain. BDB Theological Dictionary reads Two Fountains.