🔼The name En-rogel: Summary
- Eye And Foot, Fuller's Fountain
- From (1) the noun עין ('ayin), eye or fountain, and (2) the noun רגל (regel), foot.
🔼The name En-rogel in the Bible
The name En-rogel belonged to a place on border between Judah in the south (Joshua 15:7) and Benjamin in the north (Joshua 18:16). During Absalom's uprising, Jonathan son of Abiathar and Ahimaaz son of Zadok served king David as spies and stayed in En-rogel (2 Samuel 17:17, only here spelled with a maqqep or hyphen).
En-rogel is also associated with the uprising of David's other rebellious son, Adonijah the son of David's wife Haggith. When he saw fit to pronounce himself king, he sacrificed sheep and oxen by the Stone of Zoheleth near En-rogel (1 Kings 1:9).
🔼Etymology of the name En-rogel
The name En-rogel consists of two elements. The first part is the same as the noun עין ('ayin), which means both eye and fountain:
The noun עין ('ayin) means both eye and fountain, well or spring. This might be explained by noting that the eye produces water in the form of tears, but perhaps more so in that water and light were considered deeply akin (see our article on the verb נהר, nahar, both meaning to shine and to flow). In that sense, the eye was considered a fountain that watered the outward face with water and the internal mind with light. Verb עין ('in) means to eye or regard. Noun מעין (ma'yan) describes a place with a spring.
The second part of our name comes from the noun רגל (regel), which means foot:
Noun רגל (regel) means foot. It may refer to pretty much any hoof, foot or base and bears a strong connotation of firmness or traveling. Metaphorically, exposed feet represent labor and travel, whereas covered feet represent rest, leisure and thus love making.
The rogel-part of our name is apparently a common noun, which doesn't occur in the narrative of the Bible. BDB Theological Dictionary lists it and explains that it denotes a fuller; a person whose profession it is to trample or stump on clothes in order to wash of thicken them (says the Oxford dictionary).
For a meaning of the name En-rogel, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads The Fuller's Fountain and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes Fountain Of The Fuller. BDB Theological Dictionary does not translate this name, but does state that the second part means fuller.