🔼The name En-eglaim: Summary
- Fountain Of (Two) Calves, Circular Fountain
- From (1) the noun עין ('ayin), which means both eye and fountain, and (2) the noun עגל ('egel), calf, from verb עגל ('agal), to go in circles.
🔼The name En-eglaim in the Bible
The name En-eglaim (or Eneglaim as only the NAS has) occurs only one time in the Bible, in Ezekiel's magnificent vision of the healing river that will flow from the Temple. Its water will make everything fresh, including the seas, and it will teem with fish to such a degree that fishermen will stand on the shores and cast their nets from En-gedi to En-eglaim (Ezekiel 47:10).
🔼Etymology of the name En-eglaim
The name En-eglaim consists of two elements. The first part is the noun עין ('ayin), meaning either eye or fountain:
The noun עין ('ayin) means both eye and fountain, well or spring. This might be explained by noting that the eye produces water in the form of tears, but perhaps more so in that water and light were considered deeply akin (see our article on the verb נהר, nahar, both meaning to shine and to flow). In that sense, the eye was considered a fountain that watered the outward face with water and the internal mind with light. Verb עין ('in) means to eye or regard. Noun מעין (ma'yan) describes a place with a spring.
The second part of our name is a plural (or rather dual) form of the noun עגל ('egel), meaning calf:
The unused verb עגל ('agal) probably had to do with being round or going in circles. Noun עגל ('egel) describes a male calf, and noun עגלה ('egla) means girl calf, or heifer. Adjectives עגל ('agol) and עגול ('agol) mean round. Noun עגלה ('agala) refers to a cart and noun מעגל (ma'gal) denotes an entrenchment or track. Noun עגיל ('agil) describes a hoop or ring.
For a meaning of the name En-eglaim, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads the curious Fountain Of Calf. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names: Fountain Of Two Calves. BDB Theological Dictionary does not interpret our name.