🔼The name Azarel: Summary
- God Has Helped
- From (1) the verb עזר (azar), to help, and (2) the word אל ('el), God.
🔼The name Azarel in the Bible
The name Azarel is surprisingly popular in the Bible. There are five men mentioned with the name Azarel, and that's without counting the three men named Azriel, which is a highly similar name, or the name Adriel, which is the Aramaic version.
The Azarels of the Bible are:
- A soldier listed among David's mighty-men (1 Chronicles 12:6);
- A son of Heman and musician of David (1 Chronicles 25:18) who appears to be called Aziel in 1 Chronicles 15:20 and Uzziel in 28:3.
- A son of Jeroham and chief of Israel's tribe of Dan (1 Chronicles 27:22).
- A son of Bani who divorced his foreign wife during the purge of Ezra (Ezra 10:41).
- A son of Ahzai mentioned among the kohanim instated after the return from Babylon (Nehemiah 11:13 and 12:36).
🔼Etymology of the name Azarel
The name Azarel consists of two elements. The first part of the name comes from the verb עזר (azar), meaning to help or support:
The verb עזר ('azar), means to help or support, and is often used in military contexts, or to describe God's proverbial help. The nouns עזר ('azar) and עזרה ('ezra) both mean help. A much rarer but identically spelled noun עזרה ('azara) means enclosure and comes probably from an other root.
In names אל ('el) usually refers to אלהים ('elohim), that is Elohim, or God, also known as אלה ('eloah). In English, the words 'God' and 'god' exclusively refer to the deity but in Hebrew the words אל ('l) and אלה ('lh) are far more common and may express approach and negation, acts of wailing and pointing, and may even mean oak or terebinth.
For a meaning of the name Azarel, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads God Has Helped, Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has Helped Of God, and BDB Theological Dictionary has El Hath Helped.