🔼The name Azrikam: Summary
- My Help Has Arisen
- From (1) the verb עזר (azar), to help or support, and (2) the verb קום (qum), to rise.
🔼The name Azrikam in the Bible
There are four men named Azrikam in the Bible:
- One Azrikam, son of Neariah, son of Shemaiah, is mentioned among the descendants of king Solomon (1 Chronicles 3:23).
- Another Azrikam is a son of Azel of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 8:38).
- Next is the grandfather of Shemaiah who returned with the second wave from Babylon (1 Chronicles 9:14, Nehemiah 11:15).
- And finally there's Azrikam the chief of staff of king Ahaz, who was slain by Zichri the mighty-man of Ephraim (2 Chronicles 28:7).
🔼Etymology of the name Azrikam
The name Azrikam consists of two elements. The first part comes from the Hebrew verb עזר (azar), meaning to help or support:
The verb עזר ('azar), means to help or support, and is often used in military contexts, or to describe God's proverbial help. The nouns עזר ('azar) and עזרה ('ezra) both mean help. A much rarer but identically spelled noun עזרה ('azara) means enclosure and comes probably from an other root.
The post-fixed letter י (yod) creates a possessive, so the first part of our name would mean My Help, or Helpful, or even Help Of ... The second part of the name Azrikam comes from the verb קום (qum), meaning to rise up or stand:
Verb קום (qum) means to stand or rise up, both literally (getting up from sitting or erecting some statue) or figuratively (establishing someone in some office). Noun קימה (qima) means a rising up, noun תקומה (tequma), denotes an ability or power to stand, and noun מקום (maqom) describes some set location, place to stand or station.
Noun קמה (qoma) or קומה (qoma) means height or highness and noun קים (qim) describes someone who rises up against someone (an adversary or enemy). Noun קיממיות (qommiyut) means uprightness. Noun קמה (qama) denotes standing grain. And noun יקום (yequm) denotes substance or existence.
For a meaning of the name Azrikam, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads My Help Has Arisen. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names assumes that the rising part has to do with the rising of or against an enemy and reads Help Against An Enemy. BDB Theological Dictionary does not offer a translation.