🔼The name Jokmeam: Summary
- Let The People Arise, Let The People Be Established
- From (1) the verb קום (qum), to rise up or stand, and (2) the noun עם ('am), kinsman or people.
🔼The name Jokmeam in the Bible
According to the Chronicler, the Ephraimites gave four of their cities to the Kohathites: Shechem, Gezer, Jokmeam and Beth-horon. The author of the Book of Joshua also lists four cities that Ephraim gave to Kohath. Three of these are the same but the name Jokmeam is now Kibzaim (Joshua 21:22).
It's unclear why this is so, but perhaps this town was renamed and was known in different times by different names. Perhaps it was known by two names all along; perhaps people from different areas called the place by different names, and the author of Joshua was from one area and the Chronicler was from another. We don't know.
Note that in Hebrew our name Jokmeam is spelled the same as the name Jekameam.
🔼Etymology of the name Jokmeam
The name Jokmeam consists of two elements. The first part of our name comes from the following word cluster:
Verb קום (qum) means to stand or rise up, both literally (getting up from sitting or erecting some statue) or figuratively (establishing someone in some office). Noun קימה (qima) means a rising up, noun תקומה (tequma), denotes an ability or power to stand, and noun מקום (maqom) describes some set location, place to stand or station.
Noun קמה (qoma) or קומה (qoma) means height or highness and noun קים (qim) describes someone who rises up against someone (an adversary or enemy). Noun קיממיות (qommiyut) means uprightness. Noun קמה (qama) denotes standing grain. And noun יקום (yequm) denotes substance or existence.
The second part of our name comes from either of the two identical nouns עם ('am), one meaning kinsman and the other meaning people:
The verb עמם ('mm) probably expressed to be inclusive or comprehensive. Its rare uses in the Bible relate to making secrets or making info available to an in-crowd. Preposition עם ('im) means 'with', מעם (me'im) means 'from', and עמה ('umma) means 'beside'. Noun עם ('am) means a people, ranging from all of mankind to the in-crowd of a small village. Noun עם ('am) refers to one's (paternal) kinsman.
For a meaning of the name Jokmeam, NOBSE Study Bible Name List proposes Let The People Arise. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has the slightly cryptic Gathered Of The People. And BDB Theological Dictionary reads Let The People Be Established.