🔼The name Ishhod: Summary
- Man Of Majesty
- From (1) the noun איש ('ish), man [of], and (2) the noun הוד (hod), majesty.
🔼The name Ishhod in the Bible
The name Ishhod occurs only once in the Bible. He is mentioned as a son of Hammoleketh of Manasseh (1 Chronicles 7:18). His siblings were named Abiezer and Mahlah, but that's all we know about this man.
🔼Etymology of the name Ishhod
The name Ishhod consists of two elements. The first part of our name is the common noun איש ('ish), meaning man:
The verb אנש ('anash) appears to emphasize the weakness of the human individual and mankind's consequent tendency to clan up and have strength in numbers first and then in social stratification. It either means to be weak or even to be sick, or it swings the other way and means to be friendly and social. It yields the important noun אנוש ('enosh), man or human male individual who is weak yet social.
In the Bible, societies are feminine (and maternal) and although some scholars insist on a whole other but identical root, the noun אשה ('isha) means woman or wife. And again perhaps from a whole other root or perhaps the same one, the noun איש ('ish) means man, or rather man of; man in some specific function such as "man of war" or "man of the earth." It's also the common word for husband.
Since societies form around central fires (or the "purifying light" of wisdom, which is where the metaphor comes from), the noun אש ('esh), fire, may also derive from this verb.
The second part of our name appears to be the same as the noun הוד (hod), meaning glory or majesty:
The related verbs ידה (yada), to praise, and הוד (hod), to be worthy of praise, conjugate into such similar forms that it's often not clear which verb in which tense is used. From the verb ידה (yada), to praise, come:
- The plural noun הידות (huyyedot), meaning songs of praise.
- The noun תודה (toda), meaning confession or praise.
From the verb הוד (hod), meaning to be praise-worthy, comes the noun הוד (hod), meaning splendor, majesty, vigor, glory or honor.
For a meaning of the name Ishhod, both NOBSE Study Bible Name List and BDB Theological Dictionary read Man Of Majesty. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes Man Of Beauty and Man Of Splendour.