🔼The name Abiud: Summary
- My Father Is Majesty, Father Of Praise
- From (1) the noun אב ('ab), father, and (2) either the word הוד (hod), majesty, or ידה (yada), to praise.
🔼The name Abiud in the Bible
🔼Etymology of the name Abiud
The noun אב ('ab) means father, but describes primarily a social relationship rather than a biological one. That social fatherhood was the defining quality of the community's alpha male, the one around whom all economy revolved and from whom emanated all instructions by which the 'sons' (בן, ben) operated. It's unclear where this word אב ('ab) comes from but the verb abu means to decide.
After the ab- part comes the letter י (yod), which results in the possessive form and אבי, which means my father, or father of.
The second part of our name derives from either of the words ידה (yada), meaning to praise, or הוד (hod), meaning majesty:
The related verbs ידה (yada), to praise, and הוד (hod), to be worthy of praise, conjugate into such similar forms that it's often not clear which verb in which tense is used. From the verb ידה (yada), to praise, come:
- The plural noun הידות (huyyedot), meaning songs of praise.
- The noun תודה (toda), meaning confession or praise.
From the verb הוד (hod), meaning to be praise-worthy, comes the noun הוד (hod), meaning splendor, majesty, vigor, glory or honor.
For a meaning of the name Abi(h)ud, NOBSE Study Bible Name List and BDB Theological Dictionary both take it from the noun הוד (hod). Hence BDB reads My Father Is Majesty and NOBSE has The Father Is Majesty.
Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names derives our name from the verb ידה (yada), and translates it with Father Of Praise.