🔼The name Joshua: Summary
- Yah Saves, Yah Will Save, Yah Is Salvation
- From (1) יה (yah), the name of the Lord, and (2) the verb ישע (yasha'), to save.
🔼The name Joshua in the Bible
The name Joshua occurs four times in the Bible. Most famous is the judge Joshua the Ephraimite, the successor of Moses and the one who leads Israel into the Promised Land. The original name of this Joshua is Hosea (הושע) but Moses names him Joshua (Numbers 13:16). His name is spelled יהושוע in Deuteronomy 3:21 and Judges 2:7 only.
Other Joshua's are:
- The owner of a field in Beth-shemesh, where the Ark returns to Israel (1 Samuel 6:14);
- A governor of Jerusalem (2 Kings 23:8).
- A famous, post-exilic high priest (Haggai 1:1).
Joshua is also the original Hebrew form of the Greek name Jesus. A shortened form of Joshua is the name Jeshua (ישוע).
🔼Etymology of the name Joshua
The name Joshua is a compilation of two elements, the first one being the appellative יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton; the name of the Lord: YHWH.
The second element of the name Joshua/Jesus comes from the verb ישע (yasha'), meaning to save or deliver:
The verb ישע (yasha') means to be unrestricted and thus to be free and thus to be saved (from restriction, from oppression and thus from ultimate demise). A doer of this verb is a savior. Nouns ישועה (yeshua), ישע (yesha') and תשועה (teshua) mean salvation. Adjective שוע (shoa') means (financially) independent, freed in an economic sense.
Verb שוע (shawa') means to cry out (for salvation). Nouns שוע (shua'), שוע (shoa') and שועה (shawa) mean a cry (for salvation).
BDB Theological Dictionary lists יהושע under יהוה and reads Yah Is Salvation. NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Yahweh Is Salvation.
The name Joshua is the precise reversal of the name Isaiah (ישעיה).