🔼The name Abishua: Summary
- The Father Is Salvation, Father Of Riches
- From (1) the noun אב ('ab), father, and (2) the verb ישע (yasha'), to save.
🔼The name Abishua in the Bible
There are two men named Abishua in the Bible:
- One Abishua is a son of Phinehas, son of Eleazar, son of Aaron and Elisheba, and his son is graced with the lovely name Bukki (1 Chronicles 6:4), and his son is named Uzzi. Ten generations down from Uzzi we find Ezra the reformer (Ezra 7:5).
- The other Abishua is one of nine sons of Bela, the first-born of Benjamin, the youngest son of Jacob and Rachel (1 Chronicles 8:4).
🔼Etymology of the name Abishua
The name Abishua consists of two elements. The first part of the name comes from the common Hebrew word אב ('ab), meaning father:
The noun אב ('ab) means father, but describes primarily a social relationship rather than a biological one. That social fatherhood was the defining quality of the community's alpha male, the one around whom all economy revolved and from whom emanated all instructions by which the 'sons' (בן, ben) operated. It's unclear where this word אב ('ab) comes from but the verb abu means to decide.
The added letter י (yod) creates a possessive; the compound אבי (abi) may mean my father, or father of, depending on the context.
The second part of the name Abishua comes from the root group ישע (yasha'), meaning to save, and שוע (shawa), meaning to cry for help:
The verb ישע (yasha') means to be unrestricted and thus to be free and thus to be saved (from restriction, from oppression and thus from ultimate demise). A doer of this verb is a savior. Nouns ישועה (yeshua), ישע (yesha') and תשועה (teshua) mean salvation. Adjective שוע (shoa') means (financially) independent, freed in an economic sense.
Verb שוע (shawa') means to cry out (for salvation). Nouns שוע (shua'), שוע (shoa') and שועה (shawa) mean a cry (for salvation).
For a meaning of the name Abishua, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads The Father Is Salvation. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes Father Of Riches or Father Of Welfare. BDB Theological Dictionary suggests My Father Is Rescue or My Father Is Opulence.