🔼The name Adullam in the Bible
Adullam is a Canaanite town that was conquered by Joshua (Joshua 12:15), assigned to Judah (Joshua 15:35), and fortified by Rehoboam (2 Chronicles 11:7). That this town was around long before it was conquered is shown in Genesis 38:1, where we read how Judah went to visit an Adullamite by the name of Hirah. There Judah met and engaged a Canaanite woman, who bore him Er, Onan and Shelah at Chezib.
While David was on the run for king Saul, he hid in the cave of Adullam (1 Samuel 22:1), where he amassed quite a following of tough guys who appear to have spent their time doing tough-guy things (2 Samuel 23:13-17). The prophet Micah mentions that the glory of Israel will enter Adullam, but judging from the context, this seems satirical (Micah 1:15).
🔼Etymology of the name Adullam
The name Adullam comes from the root group עדל:
Alfred Jones (Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names) believes that the name Adullam was formed from עדל I, meaning to be just, plus the noun עם, ('am), meaning people:
Hence, for a meaning of the name Adullam, Alfred Jones reads The Justice Of The People. BDB Theological Dictionary, on the other hand, believes that Adullam came from עדל II and explains that this verb means to turn aside in the sense of to hide or seek refuge. Hence BDB translates the name Adullam with Retreat, Refuge. NOBSE Study Bible Name List appears to agree with BDB and reads a similar Refuge