🔼The name Hebron in the Bible
There are three different Hebrons in the Bible; one city and two men:
- The most famous Hebron is a city in Canaan, which was originally named Kiriath-arba (Genesis 23:2). Abraham lives in its vicinity and he buys a cave there from the sons of Heth to bury Sarah (Genesis 23). Moses sends spies to check out Hebron's defenses (Numbers 13:22), Joshua conquers it (Joshua 10), expels the enigmatic Anakim from it (Joshua 14:12), gives it to Caleb (Joshua 14:14), pronounces it to be in the territory of Judah and assigns it to the Kohathite Levites (Joshua 21:11). Later God Himself gives Hebron to king David as the capital of his kingdom (2 Samuel 2:1).
- A son of Kohath, son of Levi (Exodus 6:18). He became the patriarch of the חברוני (Hebronites; Numbers 3:27) who would later become a distinct faction of temple workers (1 Chronicles 26:23), and were also charged with the affairs of Israel, the works of YHWH and the service of the king, west of the Jordan (1 Chronicles 26:30).
- A man from Judah (1 Chronicles 2:43).
🔼Etymology of the name Hebron
The name Hebron comes from the root-verb חבר (habar), meaning to join:
The on-part of the name Hebron comes from the standard waw-nun extension that personifies or localizes the idea or action of a root.
For a meaning of the name Hebron, Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes Confederation. BDB Theological Dictionary suggests Association or League. NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Alliance.