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Meaning and etymology of the name Jachin

Jachin Jachin

There are four Jachins in the Bible. The first one mentioned is a son of Simeon, a son of Jacob (Numbers 26:12). In 1 Chronicles 4:24 he's called Jarib. A second Jachin is mentioned among the descendants of Aaron (1 Chronicles 24:17). Number three is a priest in the time of Nehemiah (Nehemiah 11:10). The fourth Jachin is the right one of two pillars in front of Solomon's temple; the left one is named Boaz (1 Kings 7:21). According to Spiros Zodhiates' The Complete Word Study Dictionary New Testament, the name Jachin gave rise to the name Achim of Matthew 1:14.

The name Jachin comes from the verb kun (kun), meaning to be established, prepared, fixed, certain, etc. This very common verb has the basic meaning of "to bring something into being with the consequence that its existence is a certainty," in the eloquent words of HAW Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament. It is used in relation to the building of a house (Judges 16:26), but also of budding breasts (Ezekiel 16:7). Mostly it occurs figuratively, in the establishment of a throne (2 Samuel 7:16), meaning a monarchy (1 Samuel 20:31), or to indicate the solidity of a person's character (Job 21:8), of plans (Proverbs 16:3), and even of the well establishment of the day (Proverbs 4:18; BDB's suggestion that this indicates a seeming motionlessness of the sun at noon is quite positively nonsense).

Our verb also contains a moral clause, indicating a steadfastness (Psalm 57:7) or a being prepared (Amos 4:12). This also shows in the derivative ken (ken), meaning right, true or honest (Exodus 10:29, Proverbs 11:19).

Other derivatives are ken (ken), meaning thus, so; makon (makon), a place; something that was established - mostly referring to God's dwelling place; and mekona (mekona), meaning base - almost only used in 1 Kings 7 where it refers to the bases of the bronze lavers.

Jachin is the active form of kun (kun), and means He Will Give Certainty or He Will Establish (Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names), or He (God) Establishes (NOBS Study Bible Name List).

Related names are Chidon, Conaniah, Cun, Jeconiah and Jehoiachin.



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