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Meaning and etymology of the name Jebusite

Jebusite Jebusite

The people called Jebusites are possibly the descendants of one Jebus, who in turn is then a descendant of Canaan, son of Ham, son of Noah (Genesis 10:16). However, Jebus as a name is also applied to Jerusalem (Judges 19:10, 1 Chronicles 11:4), and the Jebusites may just be the townsfolk of Jebus, all somehow descended from Canaan, but not necessarily through a younger single ancestor. The Jebusites were probably the first settlers of the area that would later be Jerusalem. King David's capital was originally Hebron, but moved it to Jerusalem after conquering it from the Jebusites (2 Samuel 5:6-10). It should be noted that prior to David's annexation of Jerusalem, Israel once before conquered, burned and apparently abandoned Jerusalem (Judges 1:8)

The name Jebus comes from the Hebrew verb bus (bus) meaning to trample down. This verb occurs a dozen times in the Bible, and it has a distinct connotation of destructiveness or subduction, mostly of enemies (Zechariah 10:5, Psalm 44:5, Isaiah 63:6).

A famous Jebusite is Araunah, who tried to give a piece of land to king David for him to build an altar to stop the plague (2 Samuel 24:16-25). David won't have anything of it and ends up buying the land from Araunah.

For a meaning of the name Jebus, Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads Treading Down. NOBS Study Bible Name List has Trodden Underfoot



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