🔼The name Joses in the Bible
There are two men named Joses in the Bible:
- A brother of Jesus, James, Simon and Judas (Matthew 13:55, 27:56, Mark 6:3, 15:40, 15:47). Only the King James Version and the Young translation actually read Joses here. The NIV, NAS, ASV and the Darby translations all read Joseph, for some obscure reason. Note that Mark curiously calls Mary "the mother of Joses," while she was watching Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus prepare the body of her more famous son Jesus (Mark 15:47; and also note that these preparations had nothing to do with a burial rite; they related to the consummation of a marriage — see our article on the name Nicodemus for more details).
- A colleague apostle of Paul (Acts 4:36). This Joses was a Levite of Cyprus, and the other apostles named him Barnabas. Again, only the King James and the Young translations call this man Joses. The others go with Joseph.
🔼Etymology of the name Joses
The name Joses is a variant spelling of the Greek name Ιωσηφ (Joseph), which in Hebrew is יוסף. And the Hebrew name Joseph comes from the verb יסף (yasap), meaning to add or increase:
For a meaning of the name Joseph, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads two meanings: (1) Increaser and (2) May He (Yahweh) Add, assuming that the action of the verb is carried by YHWH. Alfred Jones (Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names) reads He Shall Add. Spiros Zodhiates (The Complete Word Study Dictionary — New Testament) translates the name Joseph with May God Add, but note that the "God" part is not really an actual part of our name, just implied. And BDB Theological Dictionary translates the name Joseph with He Adds, Increases.