🔼The name Pelatiah in the Bible
There are three or four men named Pelatiah mentioned in the Bible:
- One of the sons of Hananiah, a son of Zerubbabel, who was the leader of the second and great wave of Israeli returnees from the Babylonian exile. This Pelatiah is mentioned among the descendants of king Solomon (1 Chronicles 3:21) and is quite possibly the same as the Pelatiah whom Nehemiah mentions among the signers of the Sealed Document (Nehemiah 10:22).
- One of the Simeonites who invaded Mount Seir and dispossessed the Amalekite inhabitants in the days of king Hezekiah of Judah (1 Chronicles 4:42).
- A son of Benaiah, who was among the twenty-five bad leaders of the people whom Ezekiel saw in his vision sitting at the east gate of the temple in Jerusalem (Ezekiel 11:1). These twenty-five leaders, Ezekiel saw earlier standing with their backs towards the temple, and facing east, prostrating themselves in devotion to the sun (Ezekiel 8:16). As Ezekiel was watching, Pelatiah died of an undisclosed cause (Ezekiel 11:13). The name of this Pelatiah is spelled with a final waw (פלטיהו; Pelatiahu). It's very common for names that end with יה to also exist with the ending יהו.
🔼Etymology of the name Pelatiah
The name Pelatiah consists of two elements, the final one being יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHWH, or Yahweh.
The first part of our name comes from the verb פלט (palat), meaning to bring into security:
For a meaning of the name Pelatiah, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Yahweh Has Freed and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes Deliverance Of The Lord. BDB Theological Dictionary does not translate the name Pelatiah but does list it under the verb פלט (palat), meaning to bring into security.