🔼The name Sephar in the Bible
Sephar is a town or location which is mentioned in reference to the boundary of the sons of Joktan (Genesis 10:30). The Joktanites are the last mentioned Shemite generation before the tower of Babel is built. Joktan's brother Peleg becomes the ancestor of Abraham.
🔼Etymology of the name Sephar
The name Sephar comes from the word group that formed around the noun ספר (seper), meaning book:
The derivative ספר (separ), meaning census, is identical to the name Sephar and occurs only in 2 Chronicles 2:17. There Solomon numbers the foreigners who help built the Temple, following the census satan had made David take (1 Chronicles 21:1). After this census, and after the penalty, the location of the Temple was designated and foreigners were set to hew out the stones for the Temple (1 Chronicles 22:2).
The name Sephar means Counting or Calculating. NOBSE Study Bible Name List and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names both read Numbering.