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Shaveh-kiriathaim meaning

שוה קריתים
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🔼The name Shaveh-kiriathaim in the Bible

It's not wholly uncontested that Shaveh-kiriathaim is an actual Biblical name. It occurs in Genesis 14:5 as the name of the hometown of the Emim, who were among the peoples that were overrun by kings Amraphel, Arioch, Chedorlaomer and Tidal during the War of Four Against Five Kings.

Most translation will read Shaveh-kiriathaim here but the Luther translation of 1545 has "[in dem] Felde Kiriathaim"; which means "in the field of Kiriathaim". Most commentators today feel that Shaveh-kiriathaim corresponds with the Shaveh mentioned in Genesis 14:17.

🔼Etymology of the name Shaveh-kiriathaim

The name Shaveh-kiriathaim consists of two elements. The first part is the same as the name Shaveh, which probably comes from a noun denoting a level pain, which derives from the verb שוה I (shawa I), meaning to be like or agree with:

The second part of our name is the same as the name Kiriathaim, which is the dual or plural form of the name Kiriath, which is an older variant of the Biblical noun קריה (qiryah), meaning city. It derives of the verb קרה (qara), meaning to meet or get together:

🔼Shaveh-kiriathaim meaning

For a meaning of the name Shaveh-kiriathaim, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Plain Of Kiriathaim and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes Plain Of The Double City.

BDB Theological Dictionary does not offer a translation of the name Shaveh-kiriathaim but seems to favor the interpretation of Shaveh in Genesis 14:5 as a proper noun in stead of a name.

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