🔼The name Sheya in the Bible
The name Sheya occurs only once in the Bible, that is to say: in the Hebrew Bible the way it was handed down from antiquity. When in the middle ages the Masoretes began to interpret the Hebrew Scriptures and expand it with the vowels they figured it needed, they also hunted for words that they thought were incorrect. Those words were marked with the label Kethib (= what's written) and the assumed correct word was penned in the margin under the label Qereb (= what should be read).
For some reason, the Masoretes couldn't abide the name Sheya and corrected it as Sheva (שוא) and thus every modern English translation speaks of Sheva, whereas for an evenly obscure reason the German and Dutch translations dapperly print Sheja.
What is even more curious is that Sheya was one of at least three names of one and the same person, namely an eminent scribe at the court of king David (2 Samuel 20:25). In 2 Samuel 8:17 this man is called Seraiah, in 1 Chronicles 18:16 he's called Shavsha, and it may be that the Shisha mentioned in 1 Kings 4:3 is again the same man.
🔼Etymology of the name Sheya
Here at Abarim Publications we usually try to look at as many opinions as are available but because confusion about this name abounds, it's difficult to find a commentary on or explanation that even mentions it. But the form שיא occurs once more in the Bible, namely as the masculine noun שיא (si'), meaning loftiness or pride (Job 20:6 only), from the verb נשא (nasa'), meaning to lift up:
None of the sources we routinely consult recognizes the name Sheya, but it appears to mean Loftiness, and that seems quite fitting a name for a royal scribe.