🔼The name Shimri in the Bible
There are four men named Shimri in the Bible:
- A son of Shemaiah of Simeon (1 Chronicles 4:37).
- The father of Jediael, who is listed among the mighty-men of David together with his brother Joha the Tizite (1 Chronicles 11:45).
- A son of Hosah of Merari (1 Chronicles 26:10). This Shimri was not Hosah's first-born but for some reason Hosah gave him the first-born rights and status. Apparently this position was transferable in those days; it also happened between Jacob and Esau (Genesis 25:31, Genesis 27:33) and between Judah and his older brothers Reuben, Levi and Simeon (Genesis 49:2-9).
- One of the sons of Elizaphan who was among the Levites who partook in the cleaning of the temple during the reforms of king Hezekiah of Judah (2 Chronicles 29:13).
🔼Etymology of the name Shimri
The name Shimri comes from the verb שמר (shamar I), meaning to keep, guard, observe or give heed:
The letter י (yod) upon which our name ends, may either create an adjective (vigilant), a possessive form (my guarding), or may be a remnant of יה (Yah) = יהו (Yahu) = יו (Yu), which in turn are abbreviated forms of the Tetragrammaton יהוה, YHWH, or Yahweh.
For a meaning of the name Shimri, NOBSE Study Bible Name List goes with the adjective and reads Vigilant. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names deems the final yod to be a "sign of the Divine name". Hence Jones reads Ward, and adds "of the Lord". BDB Theological Dictionary does not translate Shimri but does list it under the verb שמר (shamar I).