🔼The name Abitub: Summary
- Father Of Goodness, My Father Is Goodness
- From (1) the noun אב ('ab), father, and (2) the adjective טוב (tob), good.
🔼The name Abitub in the Bible
The name Abitub occurs only once in the Bible. In 1 Chronicles 8:11 he's listed together with Elpaal as the two sons of Shaharaim of Benjamin with his wife Hushim. Shaharaim was also married to Baara, but he divorced them both, moved to Moab and had another passel of kids with Hodesh.
🔼Etymology of the name Abitub
The name Abitub consists of two elements. The first part of the name comes from the common Hebrew word אב ('ab), meaning father:
The noun אב ('ab) means father, but describes primarily a social relationship rather than a biological one. That social fatherhood was the defining quality of the community's alpha male, the one around whom all economy revolved and from whom emanated all instructions by which the 'sons' (בן, ben) operated. It's unclear where this word אב ('ab) comes from but the verb abu means to decide.
The added letter י (yod) creates a possessive; the compound אבי (abi) may mean my father, or father of, depending on the context.
The second part of the name Abitub comes from the familiar word טוב (tob), meaning good.
The verb טוב (tob) means to be good or pleasant, and ultimately to be sustained or sustainable, first relative to society but ultimately to the universe at large. Adjective and noun טוב (tob) means good; noun טוב (tub), describes a good thing or goodness, and noun טובה (toba) denotes welfare.
Closely related verb יטב (yatab) means to be or do good (to do sustainable things). Noun מיטב (metab) means the best.
A proposed root טבב (tabab) may have meant something like to keep forever, to be perpetual, to be stable.
For a meaning of the name Abitub, NOBSE Study Bible Name List has The Father Is Goodness. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads Father Of Goodness, and BDB Theological Dictionary says My Father Is Goodness.