🔼The name Andrew: Summary
- Manly, Manliness
- From ανδρος (andros), of man, in turn from ανηρ (aner), man.
🔼The name Andrew in the Bible
The name Andrew is an Anglicized form of the Greek name Andreas, and that name occurs only as the name of the first-called disciple of Jesus Christ: Andrew the brother of Simon Peter. He is mentioned 13 times in the New Testament; see full concordance.
Andrew and Peter were from Bethsaida (John 1:44) and worked the Sea of Galilee as fishermen (Matthew 4:18). Andrew had previously belonged to the school of John the Baptist and was introduced to Jesus by John and even went to Jesus' house. Andrew went to find his brother and introduced him too to Jesus, explaining that he was the Messiah (John 1:35-40). Jesus rendered upon Simon the nickname Cephas, but it seems that after that the men went home.
At some point Jesus decided that he needed disciples, and famously called Andrew and Simon by referring to Jeremiah's paragraph on world-wide restoration and global understanding of Truth, saying that he would make them fishers of men (Matthew 4:19, Jeremiah 16:16).
Andrew became one of Jesus' twelve disciples but plays a surprisingly small role in the Bible. He is mentioned by name a mere six times in the gospel of John, four times in Mark, twice in Matthew, and only once in both Luke and Acts.
Tradition and various church fathers report that Andrew focused his ministry on Scythia (a region north of the Black Sea, stretching from eastern Europe to present day Kazakhstan) and that makes him still one of the most revered Christian heroes in that region. He is said to have been crucified in the Greek city of Patra(s), about 200 kilometers due west of Athens, on a saltire or X-shaped cross, which became aptly known as the Saint Andreas' Cross.
🔼Etymology of the name Andrew
The name Andrew or Andreas derives from the familiar noun ανηρ (aner), meaning man:
The noun ανηρ (aner) refers to a human male individual or husband. Its genitive form is the familiar word ανδρος (andros), which means "of (a) man" or "manly."
Verb ανδριζω (andrizo) means to behave manly (i.e. maturely or courageously). Noun ανδραποδιστης (andrapodistes), means man-stealer, and noun ανδροφονος (androphonos), meaning manslayer. Adjective υπανδρος (hupandros), meaning "under a husband," i.e. married. The adjective φιλανδρος (philandros), means friendly toward men or husband(s).
Noun ανθρωπος (anthropos) denotes man as in mankind. Adjective ανθρωπινος (anthropinos) means human or belonging to mankind and adjective ανθρωπαρεκος (anthropareskos) means pleaser of man(kind). Noun ανθροποκτονος (anthropoktonos) means human-slayer, and the familiar noun φιλανθρωπια (philanthropia) denotes the love for mankind. Its associated adverb φιλανθρωπως (philanthropos) means humanely.
More specifically, our name probably comes from an adaptation of the noun ανδρεια (andrea), which appears to be a word that was manufactured to fit the meter of a certain old poem. But it caught on and was used by several Greek poets of the old world. It means manliness or a manly spirit, as opposed to δειλια (deilia), meaning timidity or cowardice, and some innovators even used this word to describe courageous women. Negatively, this word may be used to mean hardihood or even insolence, and on occasion it refers to the membrum virile. When it occurs in plural it denotes brave deeds.
The name Andrew means Manly, Courageous or Brave and it seems to reflect the very command with which YHWH began his covenant with Abraham, of which Jesus Christ is the fulfilment (Genesis 15:1). This command also became the single most repeated command in the ministry of Jesus: Be not afraid! (Matthew 10:31, 14:27, 17:7, 28:5, 28:10, Mark 5:36, 6:50, Luke 1:13, 1:30, 2:10, 5:10, 8:50, 12:7, 12:32, John 6:20, 12:15, Acts 18:9, 27:24, Revelation 1:17, 2:10).