🔼The name Abel-shittim in the Bible
The name Abel-shittim occurs just once in the Bible In Numbers 33:49 it serves as an extremity marker to indicate to how far Israel's camps stretched (namely from Beth-jeshimoth to Abel-shittim in the plains of Moab). Other Scriptures (Numbers 25:1, Micah 6:5) make mention of a place simply named Shittim, and scholars (Alfred Jones, BDB) maintain that Shittim and Abel-shittim are the same place.
Note that the name Abel-shittim is not properly transliterated. The shittim-part is prefixed with the letter ה (he), which is the definite article of the Hebrew language. A proper transliteration would be Abel-hashittim.
🔼Etymology of the name Abel-shittim
The name Abel-shittim consists of two parts. In English the first part looks like the name of the brother of Cain, namely Abel, but is not the same in Hebrew. This version of Abel comes from the root group אבל:
The second part of the name Abel-shittim is a plural form of the word שטה (shitta), meaning acacia:
For a meaning of the name Abel-shittim, both Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names and NOBSE Study Bible Name List read Meadow Of Acacias. BDB Theological Dictionary proposes Acacia-Meadow. But following the comments of HAW Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, our name Abel-shittim may also mean Brook Of The Acacias.