🔼The name Ahitub in the Bible
There are four different men named Ahitub in the Bible, and they're all fathers of famous people:
- The first Ahitub we meet is the son of Phinehas (and thus grandson of Eli) and the father of Ahijah, who aided Jonathan on his raid against the Philistines (1 Samuel 14:3, spelled אחטוב, or Ahtub).
- Then there is Ahitub, the father of Ahimelech, who lived at Nob and who gave David provisions and the sword of Goliath of Gath (1 Samuel 22:9-20, spelled אחטוב in 22:9 and 22:20 and אחיטוב in 22:11 and 22:12).
- Ahitub the son of Amariah and father of Zadok, the priest (2 Samuel 8:17; 1 Chronicles 6:7, spelled אחיטוב). This sequence of three names is repeated a few generations later, when Ahitub is mentioned as another son of another Amariah, who is the father of another Zadok (1 Chronicles 6:11).
🔼Etymology of the name Ahitub
The name Ahitub consists of two elements:
The first part is formed after the word אח (ah), meaning brother or close associate. With the letter yod postfixed to it, it means either my brother, or brother of:
The second part of the name Ahitub comes from the familiar word טוב (tob), the Bible's common but difficult word for "good":
For a meaning of the name Ahitub, BDB Theological Dictionary and NOBSE Study Bible Name List propose My Brother Is Goodness. Alfred Jones (Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names) reads Brother Of Goodness.