🔼The name Ahimelech in the Bible
There are three men named Ahimelech in the Bible, and the most famous one is probably Ahimelech, who is the son of Ahitub and descendant of Eli, and priest at Nob during the reign of king Saul (1 Samuel 21;1). He is the priest to whom young David and his entourage of young men flee right after Jonathan warns him by shooting in arrow and telling his lad that the arrow went far (1 Samuel 20:37-38). David lies about his reason for being there and asks for provisions. Ahimelech gives him the consecrated Bread of the Presence (Exodus 25:30) and also the sword of Goliath of Gath.
Doeg, Saul's Edomite chief herdsman, is present at this transfer and informs Saul about it. Ahimelech, wholly innocent, is accused of treason and executed by Doeg. Doeg also kills eighty-five other priests of YHWH, presumably their families as well, and the entire population of Nob. Only Abiathar, a son of Ahimelech, escapes, joins David, and names his son Ahimelech, after his murdered father (2 Samuel 8:17, 1 Chronicles 24:3, 6, 31; in 1 Chronicles 18:16 he's called Abimelech). David commemorates Ahimelech in a song that would later be known as Psalm 52.
🔼Etymology of the name Ahimelech
The name Ahimelech consists of two elements. The first part of the name comes from the common but curious word אח (ah), meaning brother:
The second part of the name Ahimelech comes from the common Hebrew word מלך (melek), meaning king: