There are four men named Akkub in the Bible. The first Akkub we meet is one of seven sons of Elioenai, the seventh generation after Zeubbabel, a descendant of Solomon who lead the first wave of returnees from exile (1 Chronicles 3:24).The next Akkub is a gatekeeper mentioned among the returning Levites (1 Chronicles 9:17). The latter may or may not be the same as the family head of a group of temple servants mentioned by Ezra (2:45), or even the Akkub who's among the explainers who assist Ezra convey the law of God to Israel (Nehemiah 8:7).
The name (Akkub) is highly similar to the name (Jacob), and both names come from the Hebrew verb (aqab) meaning take by the heel, supplant. This verb isn't used in the Bible, only the nouns that it was derived of:
surrounding foes). The prophet Jeremiah uses this word as an adjective meaning deceitful or insidious (17:9); The prophet Hosea uses it to mean foot-tracked (6:8).
For a meaning of the name Abbuk, NOBS Study Bible Name List reads Cunning. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has Insidious.