🔼The name Amon in the Bible
The name Amon is applied to three men and one deity in the Bible:
- A governor of Samaria at the time of king Ahab (1 Kings 22:26, spelled אמן). This Amon was told by the king to imprison the prophet Micaiah, son of Imla, because he spoke the unfavorable but true words of YHWH, whereas Zedekiah, son of Chenaanah, spoke pleasant messages which he made up as he went along.
- The son and successor of king Manasseh of Judah (2 Kings 21:18). King Amon was twenty-two years old when he took the throne, and sat there reigning godlessly for two years until his staff assassinated him. His eight year old son Josiah succeeded him. The evangelist Matthew traces the genealogy of Christ through this Amon (Matthew 1:10, spelled Αμων).
- The head of a family that traced their genealogy through the servants of Solomon, and who returned to Israel from Babylon (Nehemiah 7:59). Ezra mentions the same man but calls him Ami.
- The Egyptian supreme deity Amon of Thebes (Jeremiah 46:25).
🔼Etymology of the name Amon
The name of the Egyptian deity is a transliteration of this name in Egyptian, so technically it's not the same name. There seems to be some indication that also the writers of the Bible interpreted this name to be not the same as the Hebrew name Amon, but rather related to the verb אמם ('mm). But see the name No-amon for the complete story.
The Hebrew name Amon comes from the root-verb אמן ('aman), meaning to support or confirm:
For a meaning of the name Amon, BDB Theological Dictionary and NOBSE Study Bible Name List both read Master Workman, although they both do not list the divine name Amon here. Note that Wisdom calls herself the Master Workman (אמון) by God's side during creation (Proverbs 8:30).
Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names also derives the Hebrew name Amon from the root-verb אמן ('aman) but arrives at the curious A Nourisher or A Nurse.