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Baal-perazim meaning

בעל־פרצים
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🔼The name Baal-perazim in the Bible

The first military act of David as king was the conquest of Jerusalem, which was until then a Jebusite city. The second was the battle at Baal-perazim against the Philistines.

Provoked by the Philistines, David inquired of YHWH on what he should do, and the Lord promised him that he would give him the victory.

When that happened, David named that location Baal-perazim, saying, "The Lord has broken through my enemies before me like the breakthrough of waters" (2 Samuel 5:20).

Note that both in 2 Samuel 5:20 and the parallel account of 1 Chronicles 14:11, the first occurrence of our name is spelled with a maqqep (בעל־פרצים) and the second one without (בעל פרצים).

🔼Etymology of the name Baal-perazim

The name Baal-perazim consists of two parts. The first part is the familiar word בעל (ba'al), Baal, meaning lord or master:

Modern readers of the Bible know this word as the name of the signature idol of Canaan, but in several cases this word is applied to the Lord. The name Baal-perazim is an example of that.

The second part of our name comes from the verb פרץ (paras I), meaning to break (through). It is the plural form of the noun פרץ (peres), meaning a breach:

🔼Baal-perazim meaning

For a meaning of the name Baal-perazim, NOBSE Study Bible Name List avoids the plural and reads the interpretive Lord Of Breaking Through. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has the paraphrastic and rather incorrect Place Of Breaches. And BDB Theological Dictionary proposes the odd Possessor Of Breaches.

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