🔼The name Barjona in the Bible
The name Barjona occurs one time in the Bible, and it appears to be Peter's surname (Matthew 16:17). But it may also be a nickname because Jesus uses it to address Simon, to whom Jesus gave the nickname Peter (meaning pebble, not rock).
🔼Etymology of the name Barjona
The second part of the name Barjona probably comes from the Hebrew name יונה (Jonah) — meaning that Peter's father may have been called Jonah. The name Jonah comes from the root group יון (ywn):
And since the Holy Spirit descended on Jesus in the form of a Dove (Matthew 3:16), Jesus calling someone Son Of The Dove, seems quite complimentary.
But perhaps Jesus gives Peter the name Barjona as a pun, as the name Jonah bears a striking resemblance to the verb ינה (yana), meaning to oppress, vex or do wrong:
After all, just half a dozen verses after Jesus calls Peter Barjona, He calls him satan (Matthew 16:23).
Barjona may simply mean Son Of Jonah, but perhaps it means Son Of The Dove, and perhaps it means Son Of The Vexer literally and simply Vexer by implication.