Barjona meaning | Barjona etymology

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Barjona in Biblical Greek
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The name Barjona in the Bible

The name Barjona occurs one time in the Bible, and it appears to be Peter's surname (Matthew 16:17). But it may also be a nickname because Jesus uses it to address Simon, to whom Jesus gave the nickname Peter (meaning pebble, not rock).

Etymology of the name Barjona

The name Barjona consists of two elements. The first part is the Aramaic word בר (bar), which is the equivalent of the Hebrew word בן (ben), meaning son (see the name Ben):

Abarim Publications Theological Dictionary

The second part of the name Barjona probably comes from the Hebrew name יונה (Jonah) — meaning that Peter's father may have been called Jonah. The name Jonah comes from the root group יון (ywn):

Abarim Publications Theological Dictionary

And since the Holy Spirit descended on Jesus in the form of a Dove (Matthew 3:16), Jesus calling someone Son Of The Dove, seems quite complimentary.

But perhaps Jesus gives Peter the name Barjona as a pun, as the name Jonah bears a striking resemblance to the verb ינה (yana), meaning to oppress, vex or do wrong:

Abarim Publications Theological Dictionary

After all, just half a dozen verses after Jesus calls Peter Barjona, He calls him satan (Matthew 16:23).

Barjona meaning

Barjona may simply mean Son Of Jonah, but perhaps it means Son Of The Dove, and perhaps it means Son Of The Vexer literally and simply Vexer by implication.

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