Barabbas is the name of the notorious criminal who Pilate released from the prison in Jerusalem in stead of Jesus (Matthew 27:16).
The name Barabbas is Greek transliteration of a Chaldean or Aramaic name. It consists of two elements:
The first part is the Chaldean or Aramaic word (bar), which is a cognate of the Hebrew word (ben), basically meaning son, much like the son-part in the English name Johnson, or the Mac-part in the name MacDonald. In compounds the word bar may also denote a smaller version of something, or someone sharing a characteristic with someone, or someone who's acquired a certain skill or characteristic.
The second part of the name Barabbas comes from the Semitic word (ab), basically meaning father. But ab also occurs to indicate an elder (2 Kings 2:12) or the lord of a village (Isaiah 22:21), or an ancestor (Genesis 10:21), and often it simply indicates a position of authority; a prophet (2 Kings 6:21) or a counselor (Genesis 45:8).
The name Barabbas means Son Of The Father. Also see the name Abba.
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