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Meaning and etymology of the Hebrew name Enoch




Enoch Enoch


There are three Enochs mentioned in the Bible (the highly similar name Hanoch is treated separately). The first Enoch is a son of Cain and the second Enoch is a town named after the first (Genesis 4:17). The third Enoch is a son of Jared, of the line of Seth, third son of Adam and Eve (Genesis 5:19). This Enoch, who famously "walked with God," is the seventh generation (where Adam is the first).

The name Enoch comes from the verb hanak (hanak) meaning dedicate, begin. HAW Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament notes, "With one exception (Proverbs 22:6), hanak and its derivates refer to an action in connection to a building (1 Kings 8:63), wall (Nehemiah 12:27), an altar (Numbers 7:10), or an image (Daniel 3:2)."

Fuerst's Hebrew & Chaldee Lexicon To The Old Testament reports additional meanings of imprint, pierce into, instruct, make wise. Derivatives are hanik (hanik) trained servant (Genesis 14:14); hanukka (hanukka), dedication (Psalm 30:title). This noun reappears as the name Hanukkah, the still celebrated Feast Of Dedication (John 10:22).

Remarkably, the root hanak (hnk) also yields the derivative hek (hek), meaning palate, mouth, with connotation of speech (Proverbs 8:7, Song of Solomon 5:16).

The name Enoch means Initiated (Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names) or Dedicated (NOBS Study Bible Name List).






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