🔼The name Euroclydon in the Bible
The name Euroclydon belongs to a notorious wind, which blows in autumn and winter in the Mediterranean Sea. It's mentioned only once in the Bible, in Acts 27:14, where it's reported to have overtaken the ship in which Paul was sailing to Rome, to finally beach it famously on Malta.
Nowadays this wind is known by the names Gregalia and Levanter. Its Latin name is Euroaquilo (or Euraquilo) and was used as such in the Vulgate and subsequently the ASV and the NAS. The original Greek name Euroclydon survives in the KJV, Darby and Young translations. The NIV doesn't use either and speaks of "northeaster," after the literal translation of the Latin name Euroaquilo (eurus is the east wind and aquilo is the north wind).
🔼Etymology of the name Euroclydon
The Greek name Euroclydon consists of two elements. The first part is ευρος (euros), which is cognate of the Latin eurus and denotes the east wind. It's not clear where this word might come from (suggestions are: ηως, eos, dawn; αυρα, aura, breeze; ευω, euo, singe) but it should be noted that it is spelled identical to an adjective meaning spacious or wide. The latter occurs in the Bible only in the compound ευρυχωρος (euruchoros, wide-spaced; Matthew 7:13), but is also the root of the name Europe (which means Wide-Eyed or Open-Minded).
The second part of our name comes from the verb κλυζω (kluzo), meaning to surge (of the sea):
The name Euroclydon literally means the Easterly Surger, but Acts 27 may be about more than simply a tough trip or heavenly providence. It may be that in stead of mere elaborate anecdote, the author of this account rather sought to offer a compact commentary on the competition between European and Near Eastern theologies.