🔼The name Hamath-zobah in the Bible
The name Hamath-zobah occurs only one time in the Bible. In 2 Chronicles 8:3 we read that king Solomon went to Hamath-zobah and captured it.
🔼Etymology of the name Hamath-zobah
The name Hamath-zobah obvious consists of two elements, and both elements are names on their own. The first element is the same as the name Hamath, which comes from the verb חמה (hmh), meaning to surround or guard:
For a meaning of the name Hamath-zobah, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Fortress Of Zobah, but refrains from translating the name Zobah. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names doesn't recognize Hamath-zobah as a name (which is curious because the King James does), but translates Hamath with Defence or Citadel and Zobah with Depression. The name Hamath-zobah according to Alfred Jones would thus mean something like The Citadel Of The Low Lands.