🔼The name Aram-zobah in the Bible
The name Aram-zobah occurs three times in the Hebrew Bible, although English translations tend to read something like the Arameans of Zobah in 2 Samuel 10:6 and 10:8 (where our name is spelled with a final א, aleph, and should be transliterated as Aram-zoba), and the proper Aram-zobah (spelled with a final ה, he) in Psalm 60:1. This region near Damascus is mostly referred to as simply Zobah.
🔼Etymology and meaning of the name Aram-zobah
The name Aram-zobah obviously consists of two elements. The first part is the same as the name Aram, the Hebrew name for Syria, which derives of the verb רום (rum), meaning to rise up, or to be high
The origin of the second part of our name is not clear. It's possibly a transliteration of an Arabic verb that means to depress or incline, and possibly it denoted an area that was somewhat lower than the rest of Aram.
But to a Hebrew our name must have seemed related to words like צבא (saba'), meaning division or army, or צבי (sabi'), meaning beauty or honor:
For a meaning of the name Aram-zobah, Alfred Jones (Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names) goes with the Arabic verb and reads the somewhat stretched Syria Of The Theatre. NOBSE Study Bible Name List omits Aram-zobah and doesn't submit a translation for Zobah. BDB Theological Dictionary lists Zobah under its own header and doesn't connect it to any existing Hebrew root.
But to a Hebrew audience, the name Aram-zobah may have meant Aram Of War or Beautiful Aram.