🔼The name Hazor in the Bible
There are four or five settlements named Hazor in the Bible:
- A city in Canaan that was destroyed by Joshua (Joshua 11:1) but rebuild (Joshua 19:36) and fortified by Solomon (1 Kings 9:15, only here spelled חצר).
- There are two towns named Hazor in southern Judah (Joshua 15:23 and 25),
- One in Benjamin (Nehemiah 11:33), .
- And one near a town called Kedar, which was most likely named after a son of Ishmael, who lived in the Arabian desert. (Jeremiah 49:28).
🔼Etymology of the name Hazor
The name Hazor comes from the root group חצר (hzr I, II, III, IV & V):
The name Hazor has many meanings, including Village, Trumpet, and Leek. NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Enclosure; Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads Fence, Castle, but that seems a very liberal interpretation.