🔼The name Martha in the Bible
🔼Etymology of the name Martha
The name Martha comes from the verb מרר (marar), meaning to be bitter:
By the time Israel spoke Aramaic, the root מרר (marar), or rather the truncation מר (mar), had fallen apart into several separated groups of words. And there were some other words that had yielded derivations that were indistinguishable from mar. Marcus Jastrow's Dictionary of the Targumim, the talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature lists the following:
- מר (mar) means myrrh (a bitter herb) and pronounced slightly different from the following five identical words.
- מר (mar I) means to speak or say. This word comes from the verb אמר (amar), meaning to speak.
- מר (mar II), meaning bitter.
- מר (mar III), meaning to exchange, probably from מור (mwr).
- מר (mar IV), meaning to be strong. This word slowly became an authoritative title, meaning boss, lord or master, and went on to denote the owner and master of a house.
The latter version of the word מר made feminine forms the word מרת (mrt), which is pronounced marta. This is the Aramaic form of the Greek name Martha.
The name Martha means Lady Boss, Mistress, Land Lady.