🔼The name Nathan-melech in the Bible
The name Nathan-melech occurs only one time in the Bible, and that in a rather curious statement. Apparently, Nathan-melech was an official whose office had to do with horses that the kings of Judah had given to the sun (2 Kings 23:11). The phrase 'given by the kings of' is spelled נתנו מלכי (nathanu meleki), and its similarity to our name is obvious enough to suggests that Nathan-melech may not be a personal name but rather the title of the store-keeper of the royal gifts.
When king Josiah went on his religious rampage to purify the land from all nonsense and damaging worship, he also did away with these sun-horses and burned associated "chariots of the sun". What happened to the henceforth unemployed Nathan-melech is not told.
🔼Etymology of the name Nathan-melech
The name Nathan-melech obviously consists of two elements, and both elements also exists separately as names. The first part of our name is identical to the name Nathan, and comes from the verb נתן (natan) meaning to give:
The second part of our name is identical to the name Melech, and both are the same as the common noun מלך (melek), meaning king:
For a meaning of the name Nathan-melech, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads The King Has Given. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names reads the more interpretive Placed Of The King, and explains this by adding: "i.e. constituted". BDB Theological Dictionary does not translate this name.