🔼The name Malchi-shua in the Bible
There's only one man in the Bible by the name Malchi-shua, and that is a son of Saul (1 Samuel 14:49, 1 Chronicles 8:33 and 9:39). Malchi-shua doesn't get much Biblical screen time. The only time his name appears not in a genealogy is when he dies by the hands of the Philistines on Mount Gilboa, along with his father and brothers Jonathan and Abinadab (1 Samuel 31:2, 1 Chronicles 10:2).
Note that this name Malchi-shua is spelled מלכי־שוע in Chronicles, but מלכישוע in Samuel.
🔼Etymology of the name Malchi-shua
The name Malchi-shua obviously consists of two elements. The first part comes from the noun מלך (melek), meaning king:
The noun מלך comes with an attached letter י (yod), which creates a possessive form, meaning either "king of" or "my king".
The second part of our name comes from the following root group and may carry a variety of meanings:
For a meaning of the name Malchi-shua, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads The King Is Salvation. Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names proposes King Of Help. And BDB Theological Dictionary settles on My King (= YHWH) Is Opulence. BDB suggests that the king-part refers to YHWH, but it may very well refer to Molech, the idol of the Ammonites.