Sodom is a city on the bottom of the Dead Sea, together with Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim (Genesis 19; Deuteronomy 29:23).
Most sources refer to an unused verb shadam (untreated by HAW Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament ) meaning to burn. The city's name is rendered by Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names as Flaming, and by NOBS Study Bible Name List as Burnt. The only Hebrew word that comes close to this name is the word (sad), which is a loan-word itself, and which denotes penal constrictions around the ankles.
Because the letters samek () and sin ()are somewhat similar in sound, they have been known to interchange. Hence BDB Theological Dictionary suggests relations with the name , Siddim. The name Siddim is also very difficult to interpret but it may mean Valley of Demons, or simply Fields or Plains.
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