🔼The name Jokdeam: Summary
- Anger Of The People
- Possessed Of The People
- From (1) the verb יקד (yaqad), to burn, and (2) the noun עם ('am), people or kinsman.
- From (1) the verb קדה (qadah), to possess, and (2) the noun עם ('am), people or kinsman.
🔼The name Jokdeam in the Bible
The name Jokdeam occurs only once in the Bible. It's mentioned among the towns of the hill country that came to be part of the territories allotted to the tribe of Judah (Joshua 15:56).
🔼Etymology of the name Jokdeam
The name Jokdeam consists of two elements, the final one being עם ('am), meaning people:
The verb עמם ('mm) probably expressed to be inclusive or comprehensive. Its rare uses in the Bible relate to making secrets or making info available to an in-crowd. Preposition עם ('im) means 'with', מעם (me'im) means 'from', and עמה ('umma) means 'beside'. Noun עם ('am) means a people, ranging from all of mankind to the in-crowd of a small village. Noun עם ('am) refers to one's (paternal) kinsman.
The origin of the first part appears to be disputed. Alfred Jones (Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names) proposes relations to an unused root קדה (qdh) which means to possess (and which also occurs in Syriac), but other scholars see a ready connection to the verb יקד (yaqad), meaning to be kindled or to burn:
The verb יקד (yaqad) means to be kindled or to burn continuously (with fire but also with anger). Noun יקוד (yeqod) means a burning. Nouns מוקד (moqed) and מוקדה (mogdah) describe a fire place or hearth.
For a meaning of the name Jokdeam, NOBSE Study Bible Name List reads Anger Of The People, and Jones' Dictionary of Old Testament Proper Names has Possessed Of The People. BDB Theological Dictionary does not translate this name.